Despite economic slowdowns across the world, size of the global luxury market is estimated to be around 2 trillion USD. The BRICS region, more specifically China and India have been in the spot light for the past few years. In the more recent past of 2015, the luxury industry in China faced many challenges related to luxury consumption, regulatory issues, tariff structures, currency reasons and a severe clamp down on the ‘gifting culture’. Stores opened in a hurry by brands across categories began to shut shop. The entire global luxury industry was severely affected. All brands are once again back to recreating a fresh strategy canvass for future growth.
INDIA – BEST OF BRICS.
If one does a quick analysis across the BRICS nations, one finds that :
So is there a India Opportunity for Luxury Brands ?
Growth projections :
India’s economy is much stronger now. The indicators are all favourable. The fiscal deficit, the inflation index, the current account deficit and the forex reserves are all healthier & growth driven.
The percentage annual growth rates projections stand best in the BRICS region at 7.5% in India as against 6.3% in China; 2.1% in South Africa & almost negligible in Brazil and Russia.
Global Status – Brand value :
Besides, India has been voted as the 7th most valued ‘nation brand’. With an increase in 32% in its brand value to $2.1bn, India has moved up one position in the most valued nation brands list. Not only that, this surge of 32% is the highest among all the top-20 countries on the list.
The nation brand valuation is based on five year forecasts of sales of all brands in each nation and follows a complex process. The Gross domestic product (GDP) is used as a proxy for total revenues. Among BRICS nations, India is the only country to have witnessed an increase in its brand value with all others — Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa — seeing a dip in their respective brand valuations.
In addition, India is the second most valued among these emerging economies after China, followed by Brazil, Russia and South Africa.
Indian Consumer Scenario
The Indian consumer has been divided into five different classifications. While the top most of the pyramid or the Elite Class is just 4% of the overall population, the absolute numbers are far too attractive for any luxury brand to ignore. These numbers are expected to grow from current 10 m to 26m households by 2025.
In addition, by 2025, the overall average house hold income is expected to multiply by 1.7 times. This in itself is an attractive proposition for any global retail brand.
Growth of HNI’s and UHNI’s
According to Credit Suisse’s 2015 Global Wealth Report, India has ranked up in the list of Top 20 countries as the number of ultra-high-net-worth (UHNW) individuals rose by 100 since mid 2014 to now stand at 2100. In addition, India is home to the fourth largest population of millionaires in the Asia Pacific region
Besides, it is estimated that India will witness a three-fold increase in HNI wealth over the decade — it is expected to touch $2.3 trillion in 2020 from $949 billion in 2010. By 2020 the wealth of high net worth individuals (HNIs) in India will rise by 94% as opposed to China’s, which will grow at 74%, providing attractive opportunities to luxury retailers
Delhi and Mumbai will remain as India’s richest cities in terms of millionaires’ wealth concentration.
Significance of the Indian Retail Sector
The contribution to GDP by retail sector’s revenues in India is amongst the highest in the world. For most developed markets retail sector revenues are 15-20% of the GDP, while for India it is around 25%. It is estimated that by 2022, the size of the retail market will exceed $ 1.2 trillion.
Indian Retail Sector- Digital Influence
India is a highly digitally inclined nation. Digital influence and online purchase is projected to rise exponentially. It is estimated that by 2020, approx 350Mn people are likely to digitally influence as compared to 150Mn now. This will account for $240-250 *Bn i.e. 20-25% of the total retail spending. It is also estimated that by 2020, 200-250 Mn Indians will shop online, as compared just 90 Mn currently. (* $=65INR)
Indian Retail Sector– Luxury Segment
According to a research report by Euromonitor, India merely contributes 1-2% to the Global Luxury trade. However, despite this insignificant percentage, the market is growing at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of about 25%. Indian luxury market is expected to cross $18.3 billion by 2016 from the current $14.7 billion.
As per a study by Assocham , in 2015, Luxury jewellery, electronics, SUV cars and fine dining have grown immensely. Apparel, accessories, wines and spirits are growing as strongly as in the past. Consumption of branded wine is also likely to register a over 30% increase in the metro cities.
Significant brands across various verticals that performed well in 2015 included – GUCCI, Christian Dior, Louis Vuitton, Canali India, LVMH India, Judith Leiber, The SPA Group, Starwood Asia Pacific Hotels & Resorts, and Reliance Brands. Increasing brand awareness and growing purchasing power of the upper class in tier II and III cities is fuelling further growth. Service areas such as fine dining, electronics, luxury travel, luxury personal care and jewellery saw increasing revenues and are expected to grow by 30-35% over the next three years. Spending on luxury cars continue to rise growing upwards at 18-20% over the next three years. As the purchasing power of women is rising in India, the luxury beauty products market is witnessing a fast paced growth.
Interestingly, 3 Indian companies have entered the Top 50 luxury brands of the world. Ranked at 31, 42 and 44 respectively, these are Titan Company Ltd, Gitanjali Gems Ltd, and PC Jeweller Ltd. PC Jeweller Ltd. is also one of the world’s 20 fastest growing luxury goods companies
There is a growing need for individuality and exclusivity as people get richer. The size of the HNI’s continue to get bigger and they spend over 40% of their monthly income on some of the world’s largest luxury brands whereas the middle income group (MIG) consumers spend 8-10 per cent of income on luxury products
According to Cushman & Wakefield report, in 2015, the luxury retail space in India has increased to 1.44 per cent of the overall retail space as compared to 1 per cent in the past,
Digital Luxury Space In India
Given the wide reach of the digital medium and the very low entry barriers, luxury brands are beginning to expand their presence through the online space.
In the recent past, several portals have come up. Names like RockNshop ; Luxury station; Exclusively.in; Luxepolis; Darveys etc offer luxury goods sourced from various boutiques. Pre-owned luxury is another fast growing phenomena adding to servicing the aspirations of small town luxury seekers.
There is money in the smaller towns & markets, but there is no access to luxury brands. As Indians acquire global tastes thanks to affordable foreign vacations, influence of Hollywood and Bollywood, and the Indian diaspora, they are looking to own foreign luxury brands.
En-cashing on this sentiment, online fashion retailer Myntra sells premium brands such as Desigual, New Look, Furla, Superdry, Emporio Armani, L’occitane etc in its portfolio. Most recent addition is fashion house DKNY and The North Face. Owing to the response of premium international brands, Myntra has revised its revenue target from international brands to 15 per cent of its revenues in the next 12-18 months, from current 5 per cent.
Indian Luxury Retail Trends–Tier 1cities
The key spending on luxury products is pre-dominant in the metro cities. In 2015, Delhi ranked first in spending most on luxury brands followed by Mumbai (2nd), Ahemadabad (3rd) Pune (4th) and Bangalore (5th). However, spending on luxury goods has spread much beyond and across tier I, II and III cities.
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